Friday, October 27, 2017

Types of Packaging in Garment Industry

The meaning of packaging is wrapping, compressing, filling or creating of goods for the purpose of protection and their appropriate handling. It is also use to get lot of attention from the customer.

Garment packaging:
Garment packaging is an important part of the apparel manufacturing. Appropriate packages design and production mainly depend on the product types. Sometimes it is also depends on the buyers instructions. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end.

Garment packaging
Fig: Garment packaging
After completing final inspection then do garments folding. By following buyer instruction, the garments are poly-packed dozen-wise, color wise, size ratio wise, bundled and packed in the carton. The carton is marked with important information in printed form which is seen from outside the carton easily. Specially, it is required to ensure the placement of sticker in proper destination.

You can also follow: Popular Thread Packages Used in Apparel Industry

Types of packaging:
Packagings are mainly two types and that based on two different ways they are

A. Based on garment packaging:
According to different garments types, following packaging systems are mostly used in apparel industry.

  1. Stand up pack: Shirt (90° angle)
  2. Flat pack: Sport wear/Shirt/Trouser
  3. Hanger pack: Blazer, Coats, Pants
  4. Semi stand up pack: Shirt
  5. Half fold pack: Pant
B. Based on packaging design:

1. Merchandising packaging:
The function of a Merchandising packaging is
  • Easy to identify the product.
  • It helps to enhance the appeal of the product.
  • To give the artistic value of a package, different color, design and other ingredients that are used to identify, enhance and attract.
  • For attracting the consumer to the package.
  • For protecting the product quality until the consumer uses the item.
2. Vacuum Packaging:
The function of a vacuum packaging is:
  • To minimize the shipping bulk of unfinished garments.
  • To reduce the shipping weight of garments shipped.
  • To confine a garment from dust or objectionable odors before and during shipping
  • To prevent garments from wrinkles or creases, during shipping, this will have to be removed before the retailer displays the garments
  • To minimize storage space for both the manufacturer and retailer
Other uses:
Vacuum packaging is used not only for packing and storing garments, but also for packaging household accessories made from textiles, such as blankets, bedspreads, pillows and towels-anything with bulk that can be easily compressed.

Workers are packaging in garment industry
Fig: Workers are packaging in garment industry
Shipment Packaging:
With respect to the protection from shipment packaging may be divided into two classes.

Closed containers carrying garments

  1. Without a covering merchandising package (an open merchandising package)
  2. Covered completely individually by a merchandising package (closed merchandising packages)
Open containers carrying garments
  • In open merchandising packages,
  • In closed merchandising packages.
Some examples of open merchandising packages carried in open containers are:
  • Costs, suits, or dresses are delivering without individual covers on hangers.
  • Hanging garments from portable hanger racks.
“Hanger Pack”, are the examples of closed containers designed to carry the garments in open or closed merchandising packages.

Benefits of packaging:
Packaging can have features that add benefits in distribution, handling, stacking, display, sale, opening, reclosing, use, dispensing, reuse, recycling, and ease of disposal.

Garments packaging materials:

  1. Ball head pin
  2. Butterfly
  3. Carton
  4. Inner box
  5. Paper board
  6. Plastic clip
  7. Plastic collar
  8. Poly bag
  9. Scotch tape
  10. Tag pin
  11. Rope
  12. Tissue paper
  13. Thin paper sheets
  14. Wooden Boxes and Crates (For bulky exports)
  15. Glass is the other packaging material is glass. These types of package are durable & air tight. (For packaging all liquid products like fruit juice, ghee, cereals, oil etc)
Packaging can be made of wood, plastic, metals, glass, paper, laminates, polyester etc. But today different natural materials are used for packaging purposes like baskets of reeds, wooden boxes, wineskins (bota bags), pottery vases, wooden barrels, woven fabrics etc.

Functions of packing:
Packaging is the last stage of apparel manufacturing process. A perfect packaging is an important part for any product that helps to receive the customer attention. Some essential packaging functions are following:

The main function of packaging usually involves protecting the products from the any environmental hazards and others. It helps to protect the goods from loss, damage and stealing. During transport, handling and storage operations different types of protections are needed. They are two types like Physical and Barrier protection.

Physical: Physical protection from vibration, mechanical shock, electrostatic discharge compression, climatic conditions, temperature etc..

Barrier: A barrier from humidity, precipitation and solar radiation, oxygen water vapor, dust, etc.,

Packaging products must be stored in many different locations. So, to fill up this storage function all the packaging materials and packaging containers are should be checked before packaging the product or garment.

Loading and transport:
During the loading and transportation time packaging product may be lifted, moved, set down and store in a warehouse manually or mechanically. To complete this process easily, efficiently and safely the perfect external shape and strength of the packages should be required.

Promotional function:
The packaging is the important promotional functions to attract the customer’s and buyers attention and to have a positive impact upon the purchasing decision.

It helps to promote the sales process and to make it more feasible.

Information transmission:
Packages and labels give the detail information about product like how to use, ingredients, transport, nature, composition, weight, quantity, storage, recycle or dispose of the package or product.

Packaging can play an important role in reducing the security risks of shipment.