20 Key Differences between Dyeing and Printing

Dyeing:
Dyeing is the process of applying color in any one of a variety of methods and techniques using any one or more of the different dyes and dyestuff. Color application by dyeing involves the impregnation of color into fiber, yarn, fabric or product by machine or hand.

Printing:
Printing is one kind of dyeing. When different types of color used to make a particular design on the textile goods is called printing. Normally printing is performed on the textile goods in dry condition.

 
dyeing and printing
Fig: Dyeing and printing
Difference or Comparison between Dyeing and Printing:
There are different types of distinguish between dyeing and printing. They are in below:

Sl.No.
Dyeing
Printing
1
The process by which a textile product is changed physically or chemically so that it looks mono uniform colored is called dyeing.
To produce different designs on the fabric with motif in one or more colors one kind of localized dyeing that is pigments or a dye are applied locally or discontinuously is known as Printing.
2
In dyeing process, dyed in one color uniformly all over the fabric.
In printing process, color is applied in one side according to the design only.
3
It is performed on fabric, yarn in wet condition.
It is performed on fabric in dry condition.
4
Half bleaching is enough for fabric preparation.
Full-bleaching with optical whitener is essential.
5
Dyeing process used for fiber, yarn and fabric.
Printing process used for only fabric.
6
Color is applied in form of solution.
Color is applied in form of thick paste.
7
For dyeing there is no design.
For printing there is a specific design.
8
Dyes are applied in both side of fabric.
Dyes are applied in single side of fabric.
9
For this process only one color is generally used.
One or more colors are used in printing process.
10
In dyeing process, color penetrates through the fabric.
Color is applied only on the surface.
11
A particular temperature is maintained in dyeing process.
There is no particular temperature controlling system in printing.
12
Thickener is not used.
Thickener must be used.
13
The density of dye solution is low.
The density of dye solution is high.
14
Generally after dyeing, steaming, and curing are not required.
After printing, steaming and curing is must for fixing the dye molecules to the goods.
15
Dyed fabric is respectively soft in feeling.
Printed fabric is respectively harsh in feeling.
16
Comparatively low cost from printing.
Comparatively high cost from dyeing.
17
There is no localized application.
There is localized application.
18
Lot of water is required.
Less amount of water is used.
19
Huge time required for dye application.
Less time required for printing process.
20
Liquor ratio is high.
Liquor ratio is less.