Friday, April 7, 2017

Garments Quality Control System

In the apparel manufacturing industry quality control is the first requirement from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the final finished garment. For the textile and apparel industry product quality control system is used to calculate in terms of quality and standard of fibres, yarns, fabric construction, colour fastness, surface designs, sewing, and the final finished garment products. For ready-made garment export, quality expectations are related to the type of customer desire and the retail outlets.
Garments Quality Control System
Fig: Garment quality checking
Outlines of quality control system in apparel industry:
There are some step by step outlines that are helps to maintain garment quality control.

A. Garment terms and definitions

B. Introduction to quality control:
  1. What is quality?
  2. Who decides the quality level?
  3. Objectives of quality control
  4. How can quality are achieved?
  5. Principles of quality management
  6. Purpose of quality control
C. Essential elements of a quality control program:

1. Management leadership
2. Guideline for management
  • Chain of management responsibility
  • Quality control staffing requirements
3. Planning overview
  • Planning the total quality control program
  • Planning piece goods, cutting and in process auditing
  • Planning final statistical auditing
D. Quality systems requirements (model for quality assurance in design, development, production, installation, and serving):

1. Management responsibility
  • Quality policy
  • Organization
          i. Responsibility and authority
          ii. Resource
         iii. Management representative
  • Management review
2. Quality system
  • General
  • Quality system procedures
  • Quality planning
3. Contract review
  • General
  • Review
  • Amendment to contract
4. Design control
  • General
  • Design and development planning
  • Organization and technical reference
  • Design input
  • Design output
  • Design review
  • Design verification
  • Design validation
  • Design changes
5. Document and data control
  • General
  • Document and data approval and issue
  • Document and data changes
6. Purchasing
  • General
  • Evaluation of subcontractors
  • Purchasing data
  • Verification of purchased product
          i. Supplier verification at subcontractor’s issue
         ii. Customer verification of subcontracted product

7. Control of customer supplied product
8. Product identification and tractability
9. Process control
10. Inspection testing
11. Control of inspection, measuring and test equipment
  • General
  • Control procedure
12. Inspection and test status
13. Control of nonconforming product
  • General
  • Review and disposition of nonconforming product
14. Corrective and preventive action
  • General
  • Corrective action
  • Preventative action
15. Handling, storage, packaging, preservation and delivery
  • General
  • Handling
  • Storage
  • Packaging
  • Reservation
  • Delivery
16. Control and quality records
17. Internal quality audits
18. Training
19. Servicing
20. Statistical techniques
  • Identification of need
  • Procedures
E. Purpose of quality control

F. Essential elements of a quality control program

G. Guidelines for management

H. Fabrics:
  1. Woven fabrics
  2. Knitted fabrics
I. Inspection sequence:

1. Inspection scheduling
J. Quality improvement in making up:
  1. Introduction
  2. Handling
  3. Quality specifications
  4. Inspection
K. Quality control in cutting room:
  1. Possible spreading defects
  2. Possible pattern defects
  3. Important factors in the spreading operation
  4. Quality factors related to the cutting
L. Stitching

M. Machines:
  1. Sewing machines
  2. Finishing machines
  3. Cutting machines
N. Pattern:
  1. Cutting section
O. Measurements:
  1. Jacket
  2. Final audit reports
  3. First output garments
P. Traffic light chart:
  1. Daily in process “Highest Three (defects) Operations”
  2. In process check form
  3. Weekly defects levels
  4. Operators in red 7 squares or more
  5. Weekly defects rates
  6. In process team repair levels
  7. Sewing check form
You can also like:
  1. Quality Control in Apparel Industry
  2. Quality Assurance System in Apparel Industry
  3. Quality Control Plan in Apparel Industry with Template
  4. Section Wise Quality Control in Garment Factory
  5. Inline Quality Inspection Process in Apparel Industry
  6. Quality Control of Cutting Room in Apparel Industry