Friday, March 24, 2017

Types of Lay Planning in Apparel Industry

What is lay planning?
Lay planning is the arrangement process of cutting room, table space and labor. Perfect fabric spreading and cutting schedules are depends on the table length, type of equipment, spread length, spreading time, cutting time and personnel. The cutting room manager must maintain the time; properly utilize the equipments, table space, and personnel also.
Lay planning in garment manufacturing
Fig: Lay planning in garment manufacturing
To get more efficiency and reduce production cost perfect lay plan selection is the big challenges for cutting section. Computer software can be used to do this plan easily. When the final lay plan is done then it print out on paper and set it top of the fabric lay. Finally cutting process is started here.

Why is lay planning important:
  1. To get a clear managing process of cutting room.
  2. To reduce production cost
  3. To save the fabric wastage.
  4. To finish the cutting process in schedule time.
  5. To achieve optimal efficiency.
  6. To make the plan easy, computer software can be used.
  7. Time consuming.
  8. Lay plan is used to cut stripes, checks, border prints, placement prints and laces fabric easily.
Types of lay plan in apparel manufacturing:

Half garment lay plan:
When we want to get only half of the garment pieces (for example the right side), then half garment lay plan is used. This plan is perfect for folded or tubular fabrics and for face to face spread fabrics.
Half garment lay plan
Fig: Half garment lay plan
Whole garment lay plan:
Full or whole garment lay plan is includes all of the garment pieces like left and right sides. Only used for the open width fabrics. 
Whole garment lay plan
Fig: Whole garment lay plan
Single size lay plan:
Single size lay plan includes all of the garment pieces for a single size. Restricting the lay to a single size makes order planning and this fabric lay plan is easier. But the demerit is material consumption are higher and it is compared with multi-size lays. 
Single size lay plan
Fig: Single size lay plan
Multi-size Lays plan:
  1. Sectional lay plan
  2. Interlocking lay plan 
  3. Mixed multi-size lay plan 
1. Sectional lay plan:
Sectional lay is made in at least two separate rectangular sections on the top of the fabric lay. Every section takes on all of the pieces for a single size. Adjoining sections may be carries the same or different size of pieces.
Fig: Sectional lay plan
2. Interlocking lay plan:
Interlocking lay plan includes two or more sections, one after the other. For this plan commonly use different sizes, but the sections are not properly separated. It is not bound within rectangular areas. Marker pieces for the different sections may merge at the borders.
Interlocking lay plan
Fig: Interlocking lay plan
3. Mixed multi-size lay plan:
In this lay plan there are no limited sections. For making this lay plan, properly use all the marker pieces for the two or more different garment sizes are intermix. To get the best material utilization, every apparel industry uses this arrangement for fabric cutting.
Mixed multi-size lay plan
Fig: Mixed multi-size lay plan
You can also like:
  1. Methods of Pattern Making in Apparel Industry
  2. Uses of Pattern in Garment Industry
  3. Marking and Tracing Techniques Used in Garment Making
  4. Pattern Grading Methods in Apparel