Application of Computer in Different Areas of Textile Engineering

Role of computer in textile engineering:
Modern textile engineering is a multi-discipline subject and textile engineers should have sufficient background in science and mathematics. They should also know application of computer in textile engineering. On the one hand computers are used for design and development of new textile materials, computerized laboratory equipment and computer controlled manufacturing process and equipment. On the other hand, there are complex computational problems in production, quality control and management of textiles. Textile products are basic need of human beings but also people are increasingly demanding high quality products at reasonable price and textile market is competitive but lucrative. Use of computer saves time, increase productivity and reduce cost. Application of computer is now very widespread in every aspect of textile engineering. 
 
Fig: Computer application in textile
For example, modern textile and garment machineries are computer controlled. Production process is also controlled by computers such as in computer aided spinning, woven and garment design, computer aided color measurement, color matching of textiles, dye recipe formulation, mixing ratio formulation and optimization and merchandising.

Therefore, students and professionals of textile engineering should know how to use computer effectively. This may range from writing computer program and solving problems related to manufacturing and production of textile products as well as for inventory control, costing, retailing, decision support, forecasting etc. Students should also know some basics of computer hardware and computer interfacing environment as most machines and test equipment are computer controlled and production process from input to output is computerized.

Computer application in different sectors of textile technology:
Computer application in textile is very widespread and integrated in all phases of textile engineering. Major applications of computer in textile are point out below:
  1. Research and development of materials and textile process
  2. Computer aided textile production and process control
  3. Production planning
  4. Process control
  5. Quality control
  6. Inventory control
  7. Analysis of engineering data
  8. Solution of engineering problems
  9. Management decision process
  10. Development of teaching tools like lab software
  11. Textile machine manufacturing
  12. Automation of textile machines, equipments and processes
Purposes of application of computer in textile (ACT):
In the light of the above discussion, the aims and objectives of ACT can be summarized as follows:
  • Know the areas of computer application in textile industry and understand how to work with computer systems in textile processing and new product development.
  • Learn computer fundamentals and programming languages and necessary tools.
  • Learn how to apply computer knowledge such as programming in textile processes. 
  • Learn visual programming languages tools to develop user friendly programs and software.
  • Learn Microsoft office spreadsheet tool such as Excel for consumption, calculations and presentation of results as graphs, charts etc. 
  • Learn basic of Database Management System such as Mysql, Oracle including MS Access and learn how to connect databases from applications. 
  • Use of commercial and open source software for fiber technology, spinning, weaving, knitting, coloration technology and textile testing.
  • Use of different statistical methods to analyze engineering data. 
  • Use of different mathematical techniques to solve engineering problems and use of mathematical packages like MATLAB. 
  • Use of computer in textile materials and inspection techniques to get some idea on hardware such as computer interfacing systems and micro-controllers used in textile machineries.
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