Methods of Pattern Making in Apparel Industry

Garment fitness is the 1st priority for every consumer. To get perfect fit of garment, well planned or defect free pattern must be needed. When ornamental designs are apply on the garment, then a perfect pattern should be produced for making this garment. A standard pattern making is the most essential part to the success of ready-to-wear clothing.

On the other words, pattern is a hand paper which is made by flowing all the specifications of each and individual components. Actually a pattern is the template from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before being cut out and assembled. Pattern making is the connection of design to production by creating paper templates for all components such as cloth, hemming, fusible etc. which have to be cut for finish a perfect garment. Now CAD software are used to make pattern for better correction.

Methods of pattern making
There are three types of pattern making methods used in apparel industry. These are in below:-
  1. Pattern drafting method
  2. Pattern draping method
  3. Flat pattern making method
Here are the following methods that are related to the pattern workroom:

1. Pattern drafting method:
Pattern drafting method is mainly depends on accurate measurements taken on a person, dress or dummy. To complete the pattern, measurements are taken for chest, waist, hip and so on, and ease allowances are marked on paper and construction lines are drawn also. This drafting method is used to made basic, foundation or design patterns. Basic pattern set is the example of drafting method.
Pattern drafting method
Fig: Pattern drafting method
2. Pattern draping method:
Pattern draping method is a three-dimensional process of pattern making. In this pattern making method, muslin cloth is used to drape over a Human body or on a mannequin. For making this draping method commonly used muslin, plain weave fabric of unfinished cotton fabric. When a two dimensional (2D) piece of fabric is around on a form of dress or a model, following its shape, creating a three-dimensional (3D) fabric pattern. To get an actual design for finished garment, pattern maker give ease allowances for movement before the garment piece is cut and sewn. This pattern can be marked with pencil lines and the finished muslin pattern can be used repeatedly. But, it is requires more material, more expensive and time consuming than flat paper pattern making method.
Pattern draping method
Fig: Pattern draping method
3. Flat pattern making method:
Flat paper pattern making method is used to the development of a fitted basic pattern with ease movement and comfort to fit a person or body form. For developing a standard pattern, it is the fastest and most efficient method, so that the basic block is modified to create new and various styles. It is dependent on previously developed patterns. In flat pattern making, the patterns are manipulated by using a slash or pivotal method to create design patterns.
Flat paper pattern making method
Fig: Flat paper pattern making method
A sloper is the starting point for flat pattern making or designing. Sloper is types of basic pattern that drafted on specific body measurements and do not attached a seam allowance, comfort ease, or any other design elements. Slopers are manipulated to create different styles of fashion garment. In the present day it is mainly draped by Computer aid techniques. To get a good pattern making, accurate measurements are most important. 
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