Types of Ironing or Pressing Used in Garment Finishing

What is pressing:
Pressing is the application of heat, moisture and pressure maintaining actual time to give shape, mould, or crease on fabrics, garments, or garment parts into the geometric forms. Pressing is done for making the fabric smooth or to give it a perfect form. It is an important finishing process in apparel industry. Pressing or ironing is done during assembly or as a final finishing process. In previous article we have discussed about purposes or objectives of garment pressing.  
Fig: Garment pressing
Categories or types of garment pressing:
The garments are different types, especially, different in design and garments materials. The pressing of garments are five categorized, designs and materials are given below:

1. No pressing:
Some garments are available; these are not need to pressing. Such as, underwear, briefs, swimwear. These types’ garments are made by knitted fabric.

2. Minimum pressing:
Some garments are available; these are not needed finishing done by applying heat but no need pressing. Such as Night gowns knitted T-Shirt, Leisure wear and so on. These types of garments are pressing by steaming and by flowing dry air to the garments and called minimum pressing.

3. Under pressing:
To do help for sewing easily and beautifully, it must need to give minimum pressing to some parts of garments before sewing is called under pressing. Specially, under pressing is done to most of the garments industries for making coat, jacket, and trouser and so on. Sometimes, there is needed of unpicking and again under pressing is done before sewing.

4. Final pressing:
These types’ garments are applying heat and pressing to the garments. This is done after making of garments. This is generally done in jacket, trouser, skirt and so on. Special type of pressing machine is used for final pressing.

5. Permanent pressing:

Permanent pressing is a special type of pressing, when it is given to retain the shape of garments or special conditions. Such as, dart and pleat, which cannot be displace or drawn-off after washing of garments again and again. This type of pressing is done by applying high temperature and steam, sometimes, there is needed for pressing.