Friday, December 2, 2016

Section Wise Quality Control in Garment Factory

Quality Control:
To ensure the quality of the product, quality control personnel have to control quality in different section in garment industry, which are directly or indirectly involved with production.
Quality check in garments industry
Quality check in garments industry
Quality controlling areas are as follows:

1. Quality control in store section:
Store section is centralized in apparel industry and all the fabric comes to this unit first from the supplier and audited here and kept until it is distributed to other section. Following controlling are checked here.
  • Inventory
  • Fabrics
  • Material
  • Swatch board making
  • Cleanliness
  • Reporting
2. Quality control in sample section:
Samples must be checked by quality control personnel before sending it to the buyer.

Important points to be checked in sample section:

Whether the samples are as per buyer’s specifications or not, such as, style description, sketch, measurement sheet, photograph etc. and workmanship has to be checked with reference sample or related documents provided by the buyer. Report to be submitted to the merchandiser as well as to the superior.

3. Quality control in cutting section:
Quality control of garments cutting section plays a vital role in garments because right measured cutting is required to get the right shape of garments. Besides cutting is the first working department of garments production. So its quality must be checked with carefully.

A. Patter/Marker:
Pattern and marker must be checked by the quality control personnel check points are as follows:
  • Measurement
  • Gradation
  • Allowances
  • Pattern parts missing
  • Mixed parts
  • Pattern shape
  • Direction of pattern in the marker
  • Pattern alignment with respect to the grain line
  • Poor line marking
  • Marker too wide than fabric width
  • Notches and Drill marks omitted
  • Mismatch checks and strips
  • Overlapping
  • Too thick line or double line marking
  • Invisible line marking
  • Marker incorrectly positioned on the lay.
B. Spreading:
During fabric spreading the following points should be checked:
  • Fabric relaxation
  • Incorrect tension of plies
  • Wrong direction of plies
  • Unacceptable damages found
  • Mismatching of checks and strips
  • Narrow fabric
  • Shaded fabric
  • Misalignment of plies
C. Cutting:
During cutting the following points should be checked:
  • Inaccurate cutting.
  • Notches-misplaced, too deep, angled, omitted or wrong type.
  • Drill marks-wrong drills, omitted, angled.
  • Knife cut-garment parts damaged by careless use of knife.
  • Frayed edges, scorched or fused edges caused by a faulty knife.
  • Slits opened inaccurately of omitted.
D. Others:
  • Bundling with bundle card
  • Numbering
  • Cut panel checking
  • Wrong size in the bundle
  • Fused parts checking
  • Cleanliness
  • Proper storing
  • Proper is suing
  • Prefer test cutting then bulk cutting
  • Reporting
4. Quality control system in sewing section:
There are some systems which are practiced in sewing floor are as follows:
  • Traditional systems
  • JC Penny system
  • Traffic light
  • SPC
Points to be considered during controlling quality in the sewing line are as follows:
  • In line inspection should be performed at the workstation.
  • Inspector ratio in the line depends on the system being implemented in the line.
  • As per JC Penney system, one inspector for 30 operations. All operators be audited minimum twice a day, where operator are skilled.
  • As per pre-production meeting, inspector will be provided considering the controlling system.
  • Defect and measurement both should be checked in the line.
  • The inspectors must select the units at random basis from a bundle.
  • The inspector must inspect exactly the number of units called for the sampling plan. No more no less or as per the system.
  • If the inspector finds a defective unit, corrective action should be taken.
5. Quality control in finishing section:
This is the final section to make the product saleable condition and the finishing processes should be controlled to achieve the quality target.

Checking areas in finishing section are as follows:
  • Iron/Press
  • Folding
  • Tagging
  • Packing