Saturday, December 17, 2016

List of Major and Minor Defects in Garments Manufacturing

During garments manufacturing different kinds of defects occur in garments. Defects crop up in a garment due to diverse reasons. Types of garment, customer demand, standard of quality, technology used, worker skill etc greatly affects defect, its source and its severity etc. A company must make a list of major and minor defects which must not be present in the garments manufacturing or packages.
Garment defects
Fig: Garment defects
Different types of Major and Minor Defects in Garments Manufacturing are listed in below: 
Sl/No
Source of defects
Description of defects
Major defect
Minor defect
1.
Fabric
Wrong fabric



Damage fabric/ Fabric with hole



If not visible from outside
---


If hole continuous to grow



If shading present



If there is printing defect



If printing defect not visible
---


Fabric not matching with master swatch

2.
Fusing
If bubbling occurs to fusing



If discoloration occurs



If fusing gum is visible from outside.

3.
Zipper
If zipper type and color is wrong



If slider is defective



If zipper size is wrong



If zipper is not well attached

4.
Button
If button not securely attached



If wrong buttons attached



Missing functional buttons



Missing decorative buttons (For zone B its Minor)



Misaligned button (For zone B its Minor)



Functional or decorative button insecurity sewn



Size, type, and color not as specified



Damaged button

5.
Button hole
If button hole is incomplete



If button hole is cut



If button hole not aligned



Missing functional button hole



Missing decorative button hole (For zone B its Minor)



Misaligned button hole (For zone B its Minor)



Extra button hole



Broken or skipped stitches in the buttonholes

6.
Velcro
Wrong velcro



Defective velcro



Wrong Velcro size



Velcro misplace

7.
Snap button
Snap button attached incorrectly



Wrong snap button attached



Defective snap button

8.
Eyelet,grommet, buckle etc
If attached incorrectly



If omitted



If defective

9.
Embroidery
Missing  embroidery



Misplace embroidery



If embroidery is loose



If embroidery is defective



Size, shape, color as not specified

10.
Sewing/
construction
If two shaded parts are sewn together



If wrinkle appears during sewing.



If strap is not aligned



If draw-card, tape etc do not move easily



If wrong size/type linings are attached

11.
Seam/stitch
Stitch type incorrect



SPI incorrect



Broken stitch wrong inlay



Stripe or check not matching



Wrong seam



Thread not matching



Defect repair incorrectly



Defects like puckering, twisting, waving etc present



Open seam present



Overlap stitching (if it occur in zone B then it minor)



Double stitching

12.
Pockets/cuffs
If top stitching not graceful



If up or down the position



Absence of back stitch

13.
Shade & color
Off shade



Mismatched color

14.
Label
Missing



Misplace (if it occur in zone B then it minor)



Incomplete label



Wrong label



Insecurely attached

15.
Pressing
Over pressed



Distorted



Wrinkles

16.
Construction & stitching
Any raw edge visible



If repair results in poor appearance



If seam shows poor appearance



If needle hole present



Wrong embroidery



Up-down/ misplacement



Weak attachment of lining or facing resulting in poor appearance



Drill hole/ notches visible



If placket is twisted



If stitch tension too tight



Broken stitch in chain stitch seam



Broken or skip stitch present and visible
---


If bartack is misplace



If bartack is omitted

17.
Washing & Dyeing
Fabric is not color fast



Over shrinkage of fabric



Improper Dyeing



Running Shade

18.
Finishing/ packaging
Overheating by iron changing fabric color



Poor folding resulting in poor appearance



Damaged poly bag



If garment size not matching that shown on package



If package broken or defective



Assortment wrong



If inner or cartons are broken



Poor quality of master carton



Goods package incorrectly, resulting in poor appearance



Missing , incorrect, or illegible pre-marked label



Too much loose thread in packed garment



Spoilage/ oil mark/ stain visible from outside



Spoilage/ oil mark/ stain not visible from outside
---


Part of garment undesirably stretched during finishing



If button/ snap button/ zipper are found broken after pressing



Pocket or lining not smoothly folded after pressing



If shipping mark/ side mark on carton is wrong