Saturday, December 17, 2016

List of Major and Minor Defects in Garments Manufacturing

During garments manufacturing different kinds of defects occur in garments. Defects crop up in a garment due to diverse reasons. Types of garment, customer demand, standard of quality, technology used, worker skill etc greatly affects defect, its source and its severity etc. A company must make a list of major and minor defects which must not be present in the garments manufacturing or packages.
Garment defects
Fig: Garment defects
Different types of Major and Minor Defects in Garments Manufacturing are listed in below: 
Source of defects
Description of defects
Major defect
Minor defect
Wrong fabric

Damage fabric/ Fabric with hole

If not visible from outside

If hole continuous to grow

If shading present

If there is printing defect

If printing defect not visible

Fabric not matching with master swatch

If bubbling occurs to fusing

If discoloration occurs

If fusing gum is visible from outside.

If zipper type and color is wrong

If slider is defective

If zipper size is wrong

If zipper is not well attached

If button not securely attached

If wrong buttons attached

Missing functional buttons

Missing decorative buttons (For zone B its Minor)

Misaligned button (For zone B its Minor)

Functional or decorative button insecurity sewn

Size, type, and color not as specified

Damaged button

Button hole
If button hole is incomplete

If button hole is cut

If button hole not aligned

Missing functional button hole

Missing decorative button hole (For zone B its Minor)

Misaligned button hole (For zone B its Minor)

Extra button hole

Broken or skipped stitches in the buttonholes

Wrong velcro

Defective velcro

Wrong Velcro size

Velcro misplace

Snap button
Snap button attached incorrectly

Wrong snap button attached

Defective snap button

Eyelet,grommet, buckle etc
If attached incorrectly

If omitted

If defective

Missing  embroidery

Misplace embroidery

If embroidery is loose

If embroidery is defective

Size, shape, color as not specified

If two shaded parts are sewn together

If wrinkle appears during sewing.

If strap is not aligned

If draw-card, tape etc do not move easily

If wrong size/type linings are attached

Stitch type incorrect

SPI incorrect

Broken stitch wrong inlay

Stripe or check not matching

Wrong seam

Thread not matching

Defect repair incorrectly

Defects like puckering, twisting, waving etc present

Open seam present

Overlap stitching (if it occur in zone B then it minor)

Double stitching

If top stitching not graceful

If up or down the position

Absence of back stitch

Shade & color
Off shade

Mismatched color


Misplace (if it occur in zone B then it minor)

Incomplete label

Wrong label

Insecurely attached

Over pressed



Construction & stitching
Any raw edge visible

If repair results in poor appearance

If seam shows poor appearance

If needle hole present

Wrong embroidery

Up-down/ misplacement

Weak attachment of lining or facing resulting in poor appearance

Drill hole/ notches visible

If placket is twisted

If stitch tension too tight

Broken stitch in chain stitch seam

Broken or skip stitch present and visible

If bartack is misplace

If bartack is omitted

Washing & Dyeing
Fabric is not color fast

Over shrinkage of fabric

Improper Dyeing

Running Shade

Finishing/ packaging
Overheating by iron changing fabric color

Poor folding resulting in poor appearance

Damaged poly bag

If garment size not matching that shown on package

If package broken or defective

Assortment wrong

If inner or cartons are broken

Poor quality of master carton

Goods package incorrectly, resulting in poor appearance

Missing , incorrect, or illegible pre-marked label

Too much loose thread in packed garment

Spoilage/ oil mark/ stain visible from outside

Spoilage/ oil mark/ stain not visible from outside

Part of garment undesirably stretched during finishing

If button/ snap button/ zipper are found broken after pressing

Pocket or lining not smoothly folded after pressing

If shipping mark/ side mark on carton is wrong

You may also like:
  1. Different Types of Fabric Defects with Images
  2. Classification of Defects Zone in Apparel during Visual Inspection
  3. Garment Defects Causes and Remedies
  4. List of Fabric Defects (Woven, Knitted, Terry and Velvet Fabrics)
  5. Defects Due to Problem of Stitch Formation in Apparel Industry