Uses of Pattern in Garment Industry

What is Pattern?
Pattern is a hard paper which is made by containing all the specifications of each and individual parts. Normally patterns are those parts which are equal and same as every parts of a garment made with flat, hard-board paper. In other words, patterns are the representative templates of every individual parts of a garment. Patterns are made for every different parts of a garment. In other words, patterns are the representative templates of the individual parts of a garment.
Garments pattern
Fig: Garments pattern
Pattern is essential for giving actual fitting of garment. Fit is the most important factor leading to the final acceptance or rejection of a garment. Good customized fit is dependent on the pattern drafting incorporating various shapes and proportions of the individual customer.

Uses of Pattern in Apparel Industry:
Pattern making is an art. It is the art of manipulating and shaping a flat piece of fabric to conform to one or more curves of the human figure. It is a bridge function between design and production.

The patterns which are used in garments industry are as follows:
A. Basic block or Block pattern
B. Working Pattern or Garment Pattern

A. Basic block or Block pattern:
It is the individual component of garments without any style or design. It is produced according to exact dimension of standard body measurement for different age group and gender. In case of basic block pattern no allowance is considered.

It is made by two methods:
  1. Flat method
  2. Modeling method
B. Working Pattern or Garment Pattern:
Garments pattern or working pattern is made on the basic of block. Individual block pattern are drawn on hard paper or mount board. Alternate; sewing allowance, trimming allowance, Button hole, centre front line, center back line, button attaching, dart, pleat, Notch, shrinkage of the fabric, etc are added with the copied pattern. Working pattern are needed for each an every part of the garments.